A Learning Plan aligned to the innovation’s business strategy identifies the pivot points in your innovation project, places at which you may need to change course based on what the real world has told you. The Learning Plan consists of a series of proof points in a time sequence that puts the greatest sources of risk first: this lets you de-risk the project as cheaply as possible by finding out early on which pitfalls you can and can’t clear. Each proof point is something that must be true for the project to meet its objectives. If you fall short at any proof point—or if you uncover much higher upside—you can pivot as planned to an alternative, or (if there’s no viable alternative left) cancel the project outright and avoid further costs. The pivot points create options you can exercise at each step in the incubation to achieve the best outcome available.
Here is an example from an HP project to create a consumer photo print kiosk. With HP’s vast expertise in digital printing, it seemed a natural fit to offer consumers a self-serve option to print their digital photos. Initially, HP focused on the technical challenges, the familiar and relatively easy work to create a proof-of-concept prototype. They planned to put off the harder questions of whether consumers would actually use these kiosks, and whether channel partners would want to be part of this business. Their initial plan looked like the Execution Plan: it is a typical execution plan, focused on achieving milestones to create a sense of progress.
An aligned Learning Plan helps to deal with two other major areas of innovation uncertainty: organizational and resources. Innovation can induce panic, because it takes the organization into new and uncharted territory. In response, innovators sometimes tell the rest of the organization, “Trust us and fund us, and we’ll deliver a breakthrough innovation.” Sometimes they don’t tell the organization anything, and try to fly under the radar, hoping to complete their work before management finds out what they’re doing and stops it. With a Learning Plan, innovators can present the organization with a concise proposal that shows efficient use of funding and realistic expectations. That helps them to calm the panic and gain the commitment of the organization to fund the proposed work and let them carry it out to completion.
Learning Plans are a way to manage the cost and risk of breakthrough innovation efforts without stifling them under project management methods and financial business case requirements that are unsuited to projects with multiple significant uncertainties. They make more breakthrough innovations possible.